#Startup and MVP

The Differences between Proof of Concept, Prototype, and Minimum Viable Product

Volodymyr Terebus

December 13, 2018

When implementing a new process or concept, there are a few steps that can be taken to see if the idea can be a reality. Using the proof of concept, prototype, pilot or minimum viable product methods are those steps. Each method is different with the biggest difference being the scope and the underlying costs associated with each piece.

Proof of Concept

A proof of concept is when we create an isolated exercise to check to see if our solution is possible, such as when we are unsure if a library fits our requirements or what service will be better to integrate.

       -takes a few days to implement

       -test a discrete idea or assumption

       -prove that a solution is viable

       -shows that a product or feature is possible

An example of a POC would be to test what sound library would be most fit for our game app.


A prototype is when a project is created from scratch and focuses only on a general structure. For example, if trying to investigate some new technology or developing a new concept, we would use a prototype, to show how it will be done.

A prototype should simulate the relevant part of the system

For technical aspects the prototype will show if the right combination of technology was chosen with all the parts integrating correctly.

For developers design aspectsthe – Prototype would give some structural support to help make the work easier and more precise.

For product design aspects – The prototype will give a first look at the product and show if the product is on the right track.

For timing aspects – The timeframe of building a prototype can take 1-3 weeks, not including POC exercises.  A prototype may provide some of the components that can be reused in a pilot or production version, but sometimes it can be more efficient to re-do most, if not all of the system.

For example: Can we create a cross-platform mobile application using firebase and react-native and integrate our CIO/pipeline and be able to write all code in transcript?

Pilot or Minimum Viable Product (MVP)

Minimum Viable Product tests the subset of functionality in production, using a subset of the whole audience.

       -To test the product in the early stages

       -to get a better understanding of how the product will be used in the field

       -to be able to refine the product in the early stages

Image ref: http://www.asiainc500.com/minimum-viable-product/


All of these techniques provide a quick and less expensive way to reach a goal.  When you are unsure about a solution, create a quick POC. Starting a new project? Better to create a prototype to get an idea on steps needed to make that goal a reality.

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